Have a go at completing our epilepsy quiz by finishing each sentence with the correct response (click A, B C, or D).
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when neurons send abnormal electro-chemicals signals to the brain causing a seizure
when the brain stops working altogether and a seizure starts
when someone has a mental health condition that causes seizures
when the brain is tired and overworked and it copes by having a seizure
Question 1 Explanation:
Epilepsy is a tendency to experience recurrent, unprovoked seizures. A seizure occurs when there is a burst of electrochemical activity in the brain. Such signals results in an alteration in sensation, behaviour, and consciousness.
only those people with a close relative who has epilepsy
only children and old people
anyone at any age
anyone who bangs his/her head
Question 2 Explanation:
Epilepsy affects at least 1 in 100 people regardless of age, ethnicity, or social status. It is one of the most common neurological conditions. About 100,000 New Zealanders are affected by epilepsy and about 50 million people worldwide.
There are different types of epileptic seizures that affect
only a small part of the brain
only the whole brain
both a small part of the brain and the whole brain
none of the above
Question 3 Explanation:
Some seizures affect a part of the brain (focal seizures) and some affect the whole brain (generalized seizures).
The brain consists of two halves, the right and left hemispheres. Each hemisphere consists of
Question 4 Explanation:
Each hemisphere of the brain is divided up into four main lobes: frontal, temporal, occipital, and parietal.
Each lobe has a specific function. Every action, behaviour, and our personality is controlled by some part of the brain.
Epilepsy can be caused by
all of the above
Question 5 Explanation:
There are many reasons why people develop epilepsy. When a cause is known we call it symptomatic epilepsy.
But in many cases the cause is unknown. This is called idiopathic epilepsy.
Generalised seizures include
Absence seizures only
Tonic and atonic seizures only
Myoclonic, tonic clonic, tonic, atonic and absence seizures
None of the above
Question 6 Explanation:
Generalised seizures affect both hemispheres of the brain and can be classified according to the description of the seizure pattern. Consciousness is affected.
When someone is having a tonic clonic seizure you must always
make the area safe, time the seizure, put something in the person’s mouth and sit on him/her
make the area safe, time the seizure, cushion the head, and offer help
sit on the person to try to stop him/her moving around
put something in the person’s mouth to stop him/her swallowing his/her tongue
Question 7 Explanation:
It is important when someone is having a tonic clonic seizure to make the area safe, cushion the head, time the seizure, and to place the person in a recovery position once the seizure has stopped. Remain calm. A tonic clonic seizure generally lasts for about 2-3 minutes.
For most people with epilepsy, their seizures are controlled by
a good, healthy life style
knowing their triggers
all of the above
Question 8 Explanation:
Anti-epileptic medication (AEDs) does not cure epilepsy but it can control it. About 50% of people with epilepsy will achieve total seizure control using AEDs, whilst a further 20-30% will achieve very good control. Understanding personal epilepsy triggers and maintaining a good healthy life style will help to minimize or even help control the occurrence of seizures.
Some of the known epilepsy triggers are
alcohol, caffeine, chocolate and food allergies
physical and emotional stress
not taking anti-epileptic medication regularly
all of the above
Question 9 Explanation:
There are many triggers that can affect epilepsy. Many are well known, such as those mentioned above, and some are unique and individual. Completing a seizure diary helps to identify possible seizure triggers. Once possible triggers are identified, then life-style management can be implemented to help control seizures. It is very much a personal choice regarding the management of seizure triggers, but using common sense is always a preferred option.
It is possible to have epilepsy, and be able to drive a vehicle providing you
wear a crash helmet
have been seizure-free for at least a year
pass a special driving test
don’t tell anyone
Question 10 Explanation:
A neurologist will determine a person’s eligibility to drive a vehicle. In most cases a person with epilepsy has to be seizure-free for a year, unless the seizure type doesn’t impair a person’s driving performance and ability. All decisions made are at the discretion of the neurologist and the New Zealand Transport Authority. To drive whilst having uncontrolled seizures is potentially breaking the law and a person may face criminal charges in the event of a serious accident.
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